The OHS regime for offshore petroleum operations is set out by Schedule 3 to the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Act 2006 (OPGGS Act) and its associated regulations for Commonwealth waters.
Section 638 of the OPGGS Act sets out the listed OHS laws that NOPSEMA and its OHS inspectors administer and enforce and includes Schedule 3, the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Safety) Regulations 2009, and Part 5 of the Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage (Resource Management and Administration) Regulations 2011.
Similar provisions apply in designated coastal waters where States and the Northern Territory have legislation that mirrors Commonwealth legislation. In general, references to regulatory requirements in the material below are in relation to Commonwealth legislation.
Schedule 3 imposes duties on the operator of a facility and its activities where the operator must take all reasonably practicable steps to protect the health and safety of the facility workforce and of any other persons who may be affected. It also imposes duties on a range of other parties including employers, manufacturers and members of the workforce.
Part 3 of Schedule 3 deals with workplace arrangements, including provisions related to Health and Safety representatives (HSRs). NOPSEMA's inspectors are granted powers to enter offshore facilities or other relevant premises, conduct inspections, interview people, seize evidence and otherwise take action to ensure compliance by parties with legal obligations. Further information about the OHS framework is provided in the Information paper - Offshore OHS legislative framework (PDF 61KB)
Activities and facilities
NOPSEMA's functions include promotion of occupational health and safety of persons engaged in offshore petroleum operations. These operations are: diving operations or operations at a facility. Certain vessels or structures are defined as facilities (refer to GL0253 - Facility definition includes an associated offshore place - Rev 8 - 14 April 2016 (PDF 329KB)). Licensed pipelines are also facilities. The categories of activities that cause relevant vessels or structures to be defined as facilities are:
recovery, processing, storage and offloading of petroleum, or any combination of these activities;
provision of accommodation for persons at another facility, whether or not connected by walkway;
drilling or servicing a petroleum well, or doing any work associated with drilling or servicing;
laying of pipes for petroleum, including any manufacturing of such pipes, or doing work on existing pipes;
erection, dismantling or decommissioning of a vessel or structure of any of the above types; and
any other activity related to offshore petroleum that is prescribed.
The facility definition includes a facility being constructed or installed and an associated offshore place (that being an offshore place near the facility where activities relating to the facility occur). The facility definition also includes a pipeline subject to a pipeline licence, together with any associated wells, associated plant and equipment, and any pipe or system of pipes through which petroleum is conveyed from that well to that pipeline.
For detailed facility definitions see the legislation.